to the lack of basic freedoms, African Americans were still lower-class citizens (Wacqaunt 2002:46). Violating the segregation laws led to what Waquant calls “ritual caste murder” (2002:47), or whites murdering African Americans who, with or without intention, breached either the formal or informal segregation laws. Slavery may have been abolished, but the ability to dehumanize black individuals remained. Beginning in 1915, African Americans began to flee the South in great numbers, hoping to escape the brutal discrimination. The promise of work in the industrialized North provided enough incentive to emigrate.
The Wilmot Proviso ultimately died in Congress and the debate over the slavery in the territories continued. The term, Slavery—United States—Extension to the Territories in the Subject Index produces a number of arguments against the Mexican War and the introduction of slavery into new territories, including “ Horace Mann's Letters on the Extension of Slavery into California and New Mexico .” Mann criticized the war with Mexico and claimed that it was merely a means for the South to add slave territories and states to the Union:
By Claire Hopley Book Review: The Union Must Stand: The Civil War Diary of John Quincy Adams Campbell, Fifth Iowa Volunteer Infantry (edited by Mark Grimsley and Todd D. Miller): ACW The Union Must Stand: The Civil War Diary of John Quincy Adams Campbell, Fifth Iowa Volunteer Infantry, edited by Mark Grimsley and Todd D. Miller, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, 2000, $38. The outpouring of Civil War-era diaries and memoirs continues unabated. Fueled by the historiographical trend in recent years of examining the common … Articles 2 Articles 3