The CPUSA has a severely damaged reputation, both among American socialist/communists and internationally, due to its sharp turn to the right in the recent past, cheering on corporate Democrats with little to no serious criticism, and its watering down of socialism into liberal reformism with excessive attempts to ‘Americanize’ it. Many in the leadership have pushed for a total drop of the Marxist-Leninist outlook, though this seems to be an ongoing struggle, and many outside have taken note of this. Does the CPUSA leadership acknowledge that it has acquired this reputation? If so, does it have any intention of trying to redeem itself among communists nationally and internationally?
In Part 3 Marx and Engels present an overview of three different types of socialist literature, or critiques of the bourgeoisie, that existed at their time, in order to provide context for the Manifesto. These include reactionary socialism, conservative or bourgeois socialism, and critical-utopian socialism or communism. They explain that the first type is either backward looking and seeking to return to some kind of feudal structure, or that seeks to really preserve conditions as they are and is actually opposed to the goals of the Communist Party. The second, conservative or bourgeois socialism, is the product of members of the bourgeoisie savvy enough to know that one must address some grievances of the proletariat in order to maintain the system as it is . Marx and Engels note that economists, philanthropists, humanitarians, those that run charities, and many other "do-gooders" espouse and produce this particular ideology, which seeks to make minor adjustments to the system rather than change it. (For a contemporary take on this, see the differing implications of a Sanders versus a Clinton presidency .) The third type is concerned with offering real critiques of the class structure and social structure, and a vision of what could be, but suggests that the goal should be to create new and separate societies rather than fight to reform the existing one, so it too is opposed to a collective struggle by the proletariat.
"A spectre is haunting Europe," Karl Marx and Frederic Engels wrote in 1848, "the spectre of Communism." This new edition of The Communist Manifesto , commemorating the 150th anniversary of its publication, includes an introduction by renowned historian Eric Hobsbawm which reminds us of the document's continued relevance. Marx and Engels's critique of capitalism and its deleterious effect on all aspects of life, from the increasing rift between the classes to the destruction of the nuclear family, has proven remarkably prescient. Their spectre, manifested in the Manifesto 's vivid prose, continues to haunt the capitalist world, lingering as a ghostly apparition even after the collapse of those governments which claimed to be enacting its principles. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.